Medical Exams for Permanent Residence Applicants

Medical Exams for Permanent Residence Applicants

Immigration has been and continues to be a major force shaping Canada’s demographics and identity. The health characteristics associated with the influx of large numbers of people have current and future implications for migrants, health workers, and health systems. 

Therefore, Canada only allows young and able professionals who can make a positive contribution to economic growth to apply for a PR visa. 

In this article, we will discuss the things that every potential applicant for Canadian permanent residency needs to know about the medical exams for Canadian immigration.

In this article, we will cover:

Who requires to undergo Immigration Medical Exams for Canada PR?

Each applicant must undergo a medical examination when applying for a permanent residence permit in Canada. The applicant’s family members must also undergo a medical exam, even if they are not coming to Canada. The applicant and any family members must not have a medical condition that endangers public health or places an undue burden on the Canadian health care system. 

Who conducts Medical Exams for Canada PR?

An IRCC-approved medical practitioner must conduct the medical examination for Canadian immigration. 

In exceptional cases, the examination may be performed by non-panel physicians with prior approval from the IRCC. 

Please note: This option is primarily open to immigration applicants who are physically present in Canada. 

The medical examination can be conducted in your home country or another country. The only condition for a medical exam is that the doctor must be an IRCC-approved panel physician

The panel physician does not make the final decision about your medical examination; IRCC makes this decision. IRCC will contact you if there are any problems with the medical examination. 

In most cases, the panel physician sends the report electronically to IRCC. IRCC will only accept paper-based reports if the doctor does not have access to the ‘eMedical’ electronic submission facility.

If the IRCC-approved doctor does not use eMedical, you must also bring four recent photographs to the appointment. You can contact the doctor directly to find out if they use the eMedical system.



What is the best time to get a Medical Exam for Canada PR?

There are two ways to undergo the medical examination: 

  1. Before you submit your application; and
  2. After you have submitted your application.

Before you submit your application: You can go to a qualified physician and have the test before you submit your PR application. This is called an upfront medical examination. However, upfront medical tests are no longer done for spouse or partner sponsorship applications. IRCC will send instructions to the sponsored spouse or partner and their dependents before they complete their medical examinations. 

After you have submitted your application: You will receive instructions from the IRCC on how to get your medicals done. You have only 30 days to complete the examination. If you do not complete the examination within this period or do not follow the instructions, your application to PR will be rejected. 

Based on our experience, we recommend that you take the examination after you have submitted your PR application. Medical tests are valid for 12 months. An upfront test may lapse if the processing time exceeds 12 months. Therefore, you and your family will have to undergo another examination to remain eligible, which is a waste of time and money.

List of Medical Exams Required to Immigrate to Canada

Here’s the list of medical tests required for immigration to Canada:

Thorough Physical Examination

The physical examination includes checking your eyes, nose, heart, lungs and other major functional organs. If you have had major health problems in the past, you must discuss them with the doctor.

Chest X-Rays

Chest X-rays are performed to detect persistent problems with major systems. In the case of a pregnant applicant, the X-ray is avoided to protect the fetus. However, the mother and the newborn will have to undergo some examinations after the birth of the child.

Blood Tests

Blood tests are conducted to diagnose various diseases that may affect the applicant’s general health. Blood tests are also conducted to check whether the applicant is free from major diseases and disorders, including active TB, HIV, and Syphilis.

Urine Tests

Urine tests are done to detect later medical problems such as diabetes.

What is the Cost of Medical Tests for Canada PR?

The cost of medical tests for immigration to Canada depends on the panel physician you see. You must pay all fees for the medical tests, including:

  1. the fee for the doctor or radiologist;
  2. any special tests, investigations, or treatment needed;
  3. any specialist doctors you need to see. 

Please note: The cost of the medical test will not be refunded if the application for Canada PR is rejected.



What are the Contents of a Medical Exam Report?

The medical examination report shall contain the following information: 

  1. summary of personal details;
  2. your consent to the medical examination;
  3. questions about the medical history;
  4. report on physical examination;
  5. report of laboratory tests;
  6. report and findings of chest X-ray;
  7. reports of urinalysis, HIV tests, syphilis tests, and other medical reports;
  8. other relevant information.

What to carry on Medical exam day?

You must bring the following with you on the day of the medical examination:

  1. your identity card (preferably passport),
  2. your contact lenses or glasses, if applicable, 
  3. any test results or medical reports in your possession regarding existing and past medical conditions, and 
  4. if you do not have an upfront medical exam, the medical report form. The IRCC will send it to you.

What to expect during a Medical Exam for Canadian Immigration?

When you arrive at the test center, the panel physician or clinic staff will ask you for identification to confirm your identity. If you’re referred for an X-ray or other tests, you may need to show identification again at these tests. 

Then the doctor will fill out a medical history questionnaire with you. This questionnaire will ask about any previous or existing medical conditions. He’ll also ask you about any medication you’re taking. It’s important that you inform the panel physician about any previous or existing illnesses. Otherwise, the processing of your medical examination may take longer.

The doctor or medical clinic will do the following:

  • weigh you 
  • measure your height 
  • check your hearing and sight 
  • take your blood pressure 
  • feel your pulse
  • listen to your heart and lungs 
  • feel your abdomen 
  • check how your limbs move 
  • look at your skin

Please note: Depending on the results of your medical examination, you may be referred to a specialist for further investigations. 

You have the right to be accompanied and observed by a person, i.e. a  chaperone. You may:

  1. ask the clinic to let a staff member into room; 
  2. stop the examination at any time to ask questions about what the doctor is doing;
  3. stop the examination and ask for a chaperone, even if you initially refused. 

Please note: We recommend that you complete your medical examination as early as possible to avoid delays in processing your medical examination.

What happens after the Medical Exam is done?

Once the medical test is completed, the panel physician will send the results to the IRCC. You will receive a receipt for the medical examination, which you must keep as proof.


How to include Medical Exam results with a Canada PR application?

If you have had a medical examination prior to submitting your application to PR, you must attach a copy of the Upfront Medication Report (IMM 1017B) to your application as proof of the medical examination. If the doctor works with eMedical, he will send you a printout of the information sheet to attach to your application.

However, if you had the medical examination after submitting your PR application, you do not need to send anything to IRCC. The doctor will give all the details to IRCC himself.

What is the validity of Medical Tests for Canada Immigration?

Medical tests are valid for 12 months. The validity period remains the same whether the test was conducted in Canada or a foreign country. 

If the validity period has expired, i.e. more than 12 months have passed since the medical examination, you and your family members must be re-examined to retain eligibility.

How to get a copy of a medical exam?

Medical reports and X-rays are the property of the Government of Canada after the test. Simply ask the panel physician for a copy of your medical examination if you wish to keep a copy of your records.

Let us help you

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