Canada’s PNP immigration streams through Express Entry System

Canada’s PNP immigration streams through Express Entry System

Canada has 13 political divisions, with ten largely self-governing provinces and three territories with a lesser degree of self-government. Each province and territory has its own exclusive economic and geographic needs. 

Together with each province, the Canadian government operates an immigration program called the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Each program is designed to meet the province’s or territory’s needs for business individuals, investors, or skilled workers.

All provinces have their own rules that target specific groups. The rules contain requirements to qualify as a nominee under a program. Provinces do not approve permanent resident status, but nominate it. 

The power to approve permanent resident status rests with the federal government. This is why Provincial programs are referred to as “nominee” programs.

Under the Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024, the PNP was declared to be the main economic-class immigration program. And each province has a minimum one immigration stream that is aligned with the Express Entry system. These immigration streams are also known as Enhanced PNPs.

How enhanced PNPs work

When a PNP is aligned with the Express Entry system, it is known as an enhanced PNP.

In order to apply under enhanced PNP, candidates need to be eligible for one of the Express Entry-managed programs: 

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), 
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC), or 
  • the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).


IELTS for Canada


If a candidate with an Express Entry profile meets the PNP’s eligibility criteria, the province can send them an ITA( invitation to apply) for a provincial nomination. Candidates who successfully receive a nomination get 600 additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points added to their base score thus guaranteeing their ITA in a subsequent Express Entry round of invitations.

Although PNP’s eligibility criteria varies for each province, there are a few generic requirements such as work experience, relevant education, and language proficiency. 

Read more about Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) here.

Canada’s enhanced PNPs

Ontario

Human Capital Priorities

This stream is for skilled workers with Express Entry profiles who are eligible for either FSWP or the CEC and have work experience in certain in-demand occupations, relevant education and language proficiency in French or English.  In 2019, Ontario introduced Tech Draws under which they invite candidates who have work experience in six in-demand tech occupations.

Mandatory Requirements

  • Valid Express Entry profile and notification of interest from Ontario
  • Relevant work experience in the skill set they have provided in their application
  • Canadian bachelor’s, master’s or PhD degree or equivalent from another country
  • CLB level 7 or higher in French or English 
  • Intention to permanently live in Ontario
  • Meet requirements of FSWP or CEC
  • If applying for the FSWP, score should be at least 67 on six selection factors

Skilled Trades Stream

This stream is for skilled trades workers who have relevant work experience in an eligible trade occupation in Ontario.

Mandatory Requirements

  • Valid Express Entry profile and notification of interest from Ontario
  • Relevant work experience (minimum one year) in the skill set they have provided in their application
  • Valid certificate or licence from the Ontario College of Trades
  • Currently residing in Ontario & have legal status in Canada
  • CLB level 5 or higher in French or English
  • Proof of Settlement funds
  • Intention to permanently live in Ontario

French-Speaking Skilled Worker

French-speaking skilled workers who are eligible either under FSWP or CEC and have relevant work experience, education and language proficiency in both French and English.

Mandatory Requirements

  • Valid Express Entry profile and notification of interest from Ontario immigration.
  • Relevant work experience in the skill set they have provided in their application.
  • Canadian bachelor’s, master’s or PhD degree or equivalent from another country.
  • CLB level 7 or higher in French language. 
  • CLB level 6 or higher in English language.
  • Proof of Settlement funds.
  • Intention to permanently live in Ontario.
  • Meet requirements of either Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) or Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
  • If applying for the FSWP, the score should be at least 67 on six selection factors.

Read our comprehensive guide on the Ontario Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Alberta

Alberta Express Entry Stream

This category is for express entry candidates whose profiles are there in the express entry pool. 

Mandatory Requirement 

  • A valid Express Entry profile.
  • A Notification of Interest (NOI) from AAIP.
  • Meet the criteria of at least one of the following federal programs:
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Willing to live and work in Alberta on a permanent basis.
  • Have relevant education and experience in occupation that supports Alberta’s economic development. 
  • Have a minimum CRS score of 300.

You can also increase your chances for permanent residence with:

  • An Alberta job offer.
  • Valid work experience in Alberta. 
  • A graduate degree from a Canadian post-secondary institution.
  • Having a family member who is a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen living in Alberta.

Alberta Accelerated Tech Pathway

The Alberta Accelerated Tech Pathway is open to Express Entry candidates. 

Mandatory Requirements 

  • You must be working with, or have a valid job offer in one of 23 eligible occupation NOCs.
  • Has completed and submitted the form.
  • The primary occupation listed in EE profile should match your current Alberta employment or job offer.
  • Must have valid immigration status.

Read our comprehensive guide on the Alberta Immigration Nominee Program here. 

British Columbia 

Skilled Worker

This fast track category provides permanent residence to those with a job offer in a high-demand occupation. 

  • Must have valid Express Entry profile number and job seeker validation code.
  • Have a full-time, valid job offer from a B.C. employer in NOC Type O or Skill Level A or B.
  • Minimum two years relevant work experience.
  • Meet the minimum language requirements.
  • Show proof of funds. 
  • Offered salary in line with B.C. wage rates for occupation.
  • Employer must support your application.
  • Be eligible for or have legal immigration status.

Healthcare Professional

This fast track category provides permanent residence to physicians, nurses, health professionals and specialists with a valid job offer.

  • Must have valid Express Entry profile number and job seeker validation code.
  • Have a full-time, valid job or support from a public health authority.
  • Confirmation from an established practice group if you are a midwife.
  • Be qualified to work in your occupation in B.C. 
  • Minimum two years relevant work experience.
  • Meet the minimum language requirements.
  • Show proof of funds. 
  • Offered salary in line with B.C. wage rates for occupation.
  • Employer must support your application.
  • Be eligible for or have legal immigration status.

International Graduate

This fast-track category provides PR status to graduates from an eligible Canadian university or college within the last three years and who have a job offer.

  • Must have valid Express Entry profile number and job seeker validation code.
  • Have a full-time, permanent job offer from a B.C. employer in a NOC Type O or Skill Level A or B.
  • Qualified to work in your occupation in B.C. 
  • Meet the minimum language requirements.
  • Show proof of funds. 
  • Offered salary in line with B.C. wage rates for occupation.
  • Employer must support your application.
  • Be eligible for or have legal immigration status.

International Post-Graduate

This category provides permanent residence to graduate degree holders in the field of science from an eligible B.C. institution. Applicants don’t need a job offer to apply. 

  • Must have valid Express Entry profile number and job seeker validation code.
  • Have completed a valid masters or doctorate degree from an eligible post-secondary institution in B.C. in the last three years. 
  • Be eligible for or have legal immigration status.
  • Demonstrate intent and ability to permanently live in B.C.

Read our comprehensive guide on British Columbia Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Manitoba

The Manitoba Express Entry pathway is for Canada PR aspirants who have an Express Entry profile and they experience in a Manitoba In-demand Occupation.

Read our comprehensive guide on Manitoba Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Express Entry

This stream is for qualified candidates with an express entry profile in the IRCC Express Entry system.

Mandatory Requirements 

  • A valid Express Entry profile and job seeker validation code.
  • Minimum 60 points on the SINP point assessment grid.
  • Language Proficiency test result that meets the EE language requirements.
  • Post-secondary education or training comparable to a minimum one year of Canadian education.
  • Must have a diploma, certificate, or degree.
  • Valid work experience that is not in the Excluded Occupation List.
  • Skilled professionals to have minimum one year work experience in the past 10 years.
  • Skilled tradespeople to have minimum two years work experience in the past five years.
  • Both skilled professionals and tradespeople to have minimum one year experience in Canada in the past three years. 
  • Work experience must be in the same field.
  • Proof of professional status or eligibility for licensure.
  • Have proof of settlement funds and settlement plan.

Saskatchewan Tech Talent Pathway

This stream is for Express Entry candidates who have a valid job offer in an eligible tech occupation in the province. Eligible candidates require a minimum of one year of qualifying work experience in the past five years, or six months experience in case they are already working in Saskatchewan.

Read our comprehensive guide on Saskatchewan Immigration Nominee Program here. 


Canada immigration


Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry

This Nova Scotia demand express entry stream is for foreign workers in a high skilled occupation in Nova Scotia.

  • A valid Express Entry profile.
  • Minimum one year of full-time or two years part-time paid work experience that is a total of 1,560 hours in Nova Scotia in the last three years.
  • 51 per cent of the main duties of a job related to the applied NOC for your job. 
  • Authorised to work in Canada at the time of work experience. 
  • Age between 21 to 55 years old.
  • Possess Canadian high school credentials or equivalent.
  • CLB Level 7 for jobs in English or French in NOC 0 and A.
  • CLB Level 5 for jobs in NOC B positions.
  • Intention to live permanently in Nova Scotia.
  • Proof of sufficient funds to support yourself and your family.

International Graduates in Demand

This stream is for recent international graduates whose skills and education match specific NOC categories.

  • Posses a full-time, valid job offer as a:
    • NOC 3413: Nurses aids, orderlies and patient service associates 
    • NOC 4214: early childhood educators and assistants
  • Done a relevant study program minimum 30 weeks in length, of which at least 50 per cent was done while living in Nova Scotia.
  • Age between 21 and 55 years old.
  • Have a high school diploma, appropriate training, skills, and certifications for the job.
  • CLB Level 5 even if your first language is French or English.
  • Proof of sufficient funds to settle in Nova Scotia.

Labour Market Priorities

This stream is for foreign nationals who possess an Express Entry profile and meet Nova Scotia’s labour market needs.  

  • A valid Express Entry profile in the IRCC Express Entry system. 
  • Have a Letter of Interest from NSNP.
  • Minimum work experience requirements of the Express Entry stream you have qualified for.
  • Prior experience in the NOC of your job with at least 51 per cent of the work is done in the same.
  • Proof of sufficient funds.
  • Have legal status in your current country of residence.
  • Intention to live permanently in Nova Scotia.

Labour Market Priorities for Physicians

This Scotia Labour Market Priorities stream is for foreign physicians whose profiles are in the Express Entry system and they have a valid job offer from the Izaak Walton Killam (IWK) Health Centre or Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA).

  • A valid Express Entry profile in the IRCC Express Entry system. 
  • Have a Letter of Interest from NSNP.
  • Have a valid job offer from the NSHA or IWK Health Centre to work as a general practitioner and family physician (NOC3112)  or a specialist physician (NOC 3111).
  • You would need to submit a signed agreement with the NS Department of Health and Wellness committing to permanently live and work in Nova Scotia for a minimum of two years.
  • You should meet the minimum work experience requirements for the Express Entry stream you are qualified for.
  • Language Proficiency in English or French.
  • Proof of sufficient funds to support yourself and the family for the initial days in Canada.
  • Have legal status in your current country of residence.

Read our comprehensive guide on Nova Scotia Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Express Entry

This stream is for Canada PR aspirants who are eligible for the FSWP, CEC, or FSTP and are already in the Express Entry pool. Candidates also need to create an active profile in PEI’s Expression of Interest system.

Read our comprehensive guide on Prince Edward Island Immigration Nominee Program here. 

New Brunswick

New Brunswick Express Entry

This immigration program is for Express Entry candidates already residing in the province and have a Job Seeker Validation Code or proof of enrolment in a Post Graduation Work Permit-eligible program.

Read our comprehensive guide on New Brunswick Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Newfoundland and Labrador

Express Entry Skilled Worker

This stream is for foreign skilled workers with job offers. Candidates need a minimum 67 out of 100 points on the PNP points assessment grid and possess relevant work experience. 

Read our comprehensive guide on Newfoundland and Labrador Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories Express Entry

This stream is for Express Entry candidates who have valid job offers from an eligible employer in Northwest Territories. Candidates also need to secure an expression of interest to be able to get permanent residence.

Read our comprehensive guide on Northwest Territories Immigration Nominee Program here. 


Canada immigration

Yukon

Yukon Express Entry

Express Entry candidates can get a nomination through Yukon Express Entry if they are able to secure a valid full-time job offer from an eligible employer. 

Read our comprehensive guide on Yukon Immigration Nominee Program here. 

Enhanced PNPs are a great way to increase your chances of getting an ITA under the Express Entry system. But due diligence before choosing the stream is required. 

Keel’s team of expert Licensed Canadian Immigration Consultants can help you figure out everything you need to know about various immigration streams. Our streamlined immigration services will take care of the entire process from the day you decide to change your life until settling in Canada. 

Schedule your call today, let’s make your Canada dream a reality.

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